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Wu Tong Negev Monument

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Name:Wu Tong
Student ID:961756
he project was designed by Dani Karavan and built in 1968 to commemorate
324 members of the Palmach Negev Brigade who fell defending Israel during
the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The memorial is a complex composed of abstract
concrete building structures, distributed in the desert landscape of 100 x 100
meters on the outskirts of Be'er Sheva.
Composition Design
rom the morphological
point of view, I believe
that Dani Karavan's creative
style has been influenced
by 20th-century abstraction
and constructivism.
Despite the project's vast footprint, Karavan reduced the
structures to geometric lines, whether they symbolized
tents, pipes, or lighthouses and bridges. These
elements are cut in half, pierced, twisted, and tilted,
making the project look like a constructivist abstract
painting. To some extent, this project is an early earth
art work.
Composition VIII,Wassily Kandinsky
Composition Design
rom the city's point of view, the
monument is located on top of
the hillside with a vast desert in the
background, which creates the focus
of sight.
A t t h e s a m e t i m e, t h e towe ri n g
lighthouse forms a good level contrast
with other structures. Various lines on
the outer surface of the structure are
constantly intertwined on the facade.
The curved shape of the concrete
edge forms a tangent relationship with
the curvature of the hill, which is very
interesting from a distance.
Composition Design
isitors walk into the site
and see various geometric
c o m p o s i t i o n re l a t i o n s h i p s.
There is no specific route in
the site. The dimensions and
compositions of the monument
c re a te a n i n ex h a u s t i b l e
space and an ever-changing
ex p e ri e n c e, p rov i d i n g
countless viewing angles and
c o m b i n a t i o n s a t a ny g i ve n
Emotional Experience
he memorial is not only a
sculpture art, but a public
place where visitors can
Vi s i to rs d o n’ t j u s t s ta n d o n
the side and admire, but can
are invited to experience the
war. The current composition
design maintains a dialectical
relationship between concrete
structures. On the one hand,
they provide a place for visitors to
climb, play, and take photos.
On the other hand, we cannot ignore the disturbing apprehensiveness. As
visitors walk in the site, they may feel strongly that there is a deterrent of the
authoritative power in almost every structural element of the monument.
In this experience, intimacy and belonging alternate with anxiety and fear. In
my opinion,this kind of unstable emotional experience will inspire people, and
the anxiety and fear of war will deepen people's affirmation of peace.
Emotional Experience
aravan incorporates sunlight and the whistling wind into the environment.
As time passed, the walls inside the spherical concrete structures were no
longer as smooth as before.The monotonous concrete wall was broken due to
long-term wind and sunlight.
As a result, traces of radioactivity appeared on the wall near the holes, which
looked like war marks left by ammunition entering the tent or tower. When the
sunlight penetrated through the holes, the site seemed to have traveled through
time and space, and returned to the war period.Also the soldiers' names and
diaries on the wall deepened the dignity of the site.
Concrete elements, visitors, and artistic texts have a complex interrelationship
between them. This relationship allows the viewers to be exposed to the political
dimension taking place through physical experience.
As the elapse of time, Nature's destruction of the site will strengthen the
emotional experience of the people, which is a very interesting thing. I think that
this is the most elaborate design part of the whole project.
Emotional Experience
h e re a re l i n e a r ga p s
ever ywhere in the site.
The light penetrates through
the tiny gaps, adding a sense
of hope and belonging to the
solemn atmosphere of the
entire site.
For example, the circular tent
structure is divided into two by
a crack,which reminds me of
the myths about the origin of
the world in China. The world
was originally a dark circle. It
was split by the giant Pangu to
have heaven and earth,then
the shine into the world.
here are also regular distribution of
cracks in the concrete tunnel, and the
linear layout has a strong guiding effect and
points the way forward for people.
In contrast to the strong sense of solemnity
given by the interior space, the cracks of light
represent light and hope, and the passage
of time can be felt here. In expressing the
contrast between light and darkness, it can
trigger the resonance between people and
the site: the dark war belongs to the past,
and the light of peace will eventually come.
I'm not sure how much influence this design
method has had on later later designers, but
I saw the same application of this method in
the later Church of the Light.
his project also has some small details that are worth improving. First of
all, some gaps between concrete structures are too narrow for people to
enter or have no proper viewing angle. In addition, the project is far away from
the urban area. Considering the hot climate of the desert and the difficulty
for viewers to climb mountains, I think the recreation space can be increased
appropriately .
To sum up, karavan creates rich visual and emotional experience with minimal
formal language.I like this landscape project so much.He is a very outstanding
landscape architect and artist.
Thanks for your attention and time !