WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE and Elizabethan theater Elizabethan theater During the long reign of Elizabeth I of England (1533-1603), the Elizabethan theater experienced a period of great splendor. The ﬁrst real theater buildings were born. The ﬁrst building specially built for public performances was the Theater (1576), located outside the historic center of London. Among the theatrical authors of the Elizabethan theater, William Shakespeare is considered the largest and best known in the world. William Shakespeare's or Elizabethan theater diﬀers from that of the classical era in many respects: favorite subject of tragedies is no longer the myth, but the history, the struggle for power, the political conﬂict; the Elizabethan theater is the ﬁrst not to respect the rule of Aristotelian units. In fact, in the texts of this era, the events narrated cover a long period of time and take place in various places; Elizabethan theater often mixes tragic and comic elements, for example by inserting "comedy" scenes in a tragic story and vice versa; the Elizabethan theater begins to unite plausible and fantastic stories, ﬂanking young lovers and good elves, victorious generals and witches, princes and ghosts. Life of Shakespeare William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon on April 23, 1564. At eighteen he marries Anne Hathaway, an eight-year-old girl who will have three children: a girl and two twins He made his ﬁrst studies at the local grammar school, the educational institution introduced by the reform of Elizabeth I, where he learned Latin, the basics of Greek and mathematics. In 1592 a plague epidemic that broke out in London forced the authorities to close theaters for almost two years. in 1592 William Shakespeare moved to London and started writing Romeo and Juliet In 1613 William Shakespeare purchased a real estate property in Stratford In 1594 theaters reopened and William Shakespeare joined the theater company The Chamberlain's Men On April 23, 1616, ﬁfty-two years old, William Shakespeare died. He was buried in the church of his hometown. William Shakespeare works 193 154 total works sonnets 12 tragedies 17 comedies 10 Historical dramas Shakespeare is a writer who has fallen into his time but who prescinds him. His tragedies are truly eternal in the sense that they raise questions that concern man since the dawn of time and will always concern him. Take Macbeth: it's the story of a king and queen, how they got their hands on the crown and what they ﬁnd they can do to achieve their goals. But it is above all the story of two greedy people, willing to do anything to achieve success new to shakespeare Although also an excellent poet (he wrote a collection of 154 sonnets), Shakespeare is above all one of the greatest geniuses of world dramaturgy. Profound connoisseur of the human soul, he treated it with extraordinary ability wide range of feelings. Shakespeare's art is above all eﬀective in rendering the uncertainties of character and the ambiguities of behavior of its protagonists, of which he masterfully highlights vices, contradictions and weaknesses. His characters constitute an authentic and complete sample of humanity: ruthless tyrants, cheerful pranksters, young lovers, but always far from the stereotypes models of the ancient code Thanks to a singular ability of representation, Shakespeare is able to pass with extraordinary ease from the comic to the tragic, from farce to more intense drama. The settings of his works are drawn as much from ancient history as from modern history, from the cheerful fairy tale or from the darkest legend. theatrical.