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HS CHEMCHINESESIMPLYFIED

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High School
Science
GIOSS31"y
Chemistry
English·Chinese
NEW YORK CITY PUBLIC SCIIOOLS
Joseph A. Fernandez
NEW YORK CITY BOARD OF EDUCATION
Carol A. Gresser
President
Irene H. Impelllzzerl
Vice President·
VIctor Gotbaum
MIchael J. PetrIdes
LuIs O. Reyes
Nlnfa Segarra
DennIs M. Walcott
Members· .
Keysha Z. McNeil
Student Advisory Member
Joseph A. Fernandez
Chancel/or
Argle K. Johnson
Deputy Chancel/or for Instruction
511&93
If is the policy of the New York City Board ofEducalio'n notlo discriminate on the basisof race, color. creed, religion.
national ()I'igln. age, nandlcapping condition. marital Slatus, sexual orientation, or &eX in itsedtlcational programs,
activities, and employmentpoOcies, and to maintain an environment free of sexual harassment. asrequiredby law.
Inquiries regarding compliance with appropriate laws may bEt directed 10 Mercedes A. Nesfield, DireclDr. Office
of Equal Opportunity, 110 Livingston Sltee!. Room 601, Brooklyn, New York 11201, Telephone: (718) 935-3320.
High School Science Glossary
Chemistry
English - Chinese
Chinese!Asian Bilingual Education Technical Assistance Center
Division of Bilingual Education
New York City Public Schools
1993
INTRODUCTION
The High School English-Chinese Chemistry Glossary was developed to
assist the limited English proficient Chinese high school students
in understanding the vocabulary that is included in the high school
Chemistry curriculum.
To meet the needs of the Chinese students
from different regions, both traditional and simplified character
versions are included.
This is one of a series of English-Chinese glossaries that is
being developed by the Chinese/Asian Bilingual Education Technical
Assistance Center (CABETAC), Division of Bilingual Education, New
York City Public Schools. The project is made possible by a grant
from the Division of Bilingual Education, New York State Education
Department.
Dr. Frank Tang, Director of CABETAC, and Mr. Peiqing
Yang, Resource Specialist of CABETAC, coordinated the project.
The titles of the glossary series are listed below:
The Mathematics Series:
•
•
•
•
•
Integrated Mathematics (Course I)
Integrated Mathematics (Course II)
Integrated Mathematics (Course III)
Pre-calculus
Calculus
The Science Series:
•
•
•
•
•
High School General Science
Junior High School Science
Chemistry
Physics
Biology
The Social Studies Series:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Global History 1
Global History 2
Global History 3
Global History 4
American Government
American History 1
American History 2
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The English-Chinese Chemistry Glossary was developed by Yunzheng
Fan, Brooklyn Technical High School. It was reviewed by Dr. Lily
Yip, Francis Lewis High School and Szu-lin Chen, Seward Park High
School for completeness and accuracy.
Our sincere thanks go the following persons for their
contributions to the production of the glossary: De-kun Yuan for
coordinating the typing and printing of the book, Eva Hsieh for
typing the manuscripts, and Jennifer Fung for designing the cover.
Our thanks also go to Lillian Hernandez, Executive Director of
the Division of Bilingual Education, New York City Public Schools,
and Carmen Perez Hogan, Director of the Division of Bilingual
Education, New York State Education Department. Without their
support, this project would never have been possible.
CONTENTS
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. i
Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Traditional Character Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
Simplified Character Version .. , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
SIMPLIFIED CHARACTERS
A
acid anhydride Mlif
7G7kl!!Hfi!!
absolute alcohol
absolute temperature scale ~~~~**
acid - base indicator Mli&:J1i~J'iq
absolute zero ~~~~~(~~~lF273~)
acid- base neutralization
~~~
absorbency
acid - base titration
~~
absorption
~~*'SI:
~~'ll!'
acid treating
1l&J't*'SI:
absorptivity
accelerated filtration
accelerating agent
~m
acid salt MA:Iit
Il&~l\t'i!t
absorption plant
absorption tube
acid rain
~li&lilii1E
~~
acid radical
absorption coefficient
~JJI!
acidic titrant ~Ulilii1El'iIJ
noll!!:i.1tm
acidification Mit
JJOll!!J'iIJ
acidimeter
ott
accelerator
fJEJlfJ'iIj, JJoll!!$
acidity
accelofilter
JJoll!!:i.1tm$
action fFJll; %P(.;j; fJ:;Ig
/Wi:; ~'11:
acceptor
~~~
actinide series jIU~jf;~
accuracy
IEliJli1'£; fi!!liJli1'£
actinium
acetaldehyde
z:,/l1i
McMit'l':,
*
liJf1l jfij 'lIfi ±~ Jli! l¥J it'l':
z:,m
activated complex fflit%if¥IJ
acetylene series mJli!
acid
jfij, -fl>McMUjf;~, 1<1-'% Ac
actinochemistry
acetone p;j1lJij
acetylene
Mli&'i"OfP
activated support
~
activated water
acidic Ml¥J
activation
-
43-
fflit
ffl1'£~pj;:
fflibk
activation energy
fflfttrtl
fflftJ'iU
activator
alkane derivative
fflft
activity
1!t:l:21i'i!£!j1iJ
alkaline earth metal ~±~Jll\
fflft'f'L'
active centres
1!t:1:2
alkane
alkene m~
activity series ~Jll\ijM~~Jll\i¥!fflttjj(J¥*
addition agent
alkyl group
:bnnt4J'ilj
1!till!;
alkyne :J;It~
=m
addition polymer
:bnnt4~-El-!j1iJ
allene Pi"
addition reaction
:bnnt4BtJil[
allotrope
illJ~#*1*
allotropy
illJ~#*JJil~
tIi-El-J'ilj
adhesive
adiabatic calorimeter
alloy -El-~' U-El-~
~i\!>:l:i\!>H
adiabatic flame temperature
alpha particle 0{ ;er'f
~i\!>;k:lllU
adion 1l1U#ltl! 'f
alternating current
5i:lili:1t
adsorbate
~~~~
alum
adsorbent
~~J'ilj
alumina .itit\; mliJl,±
adsorption
~~
IJ!J liJl,
aluminate m~; m~m
adsorption isobar ~EE~~~
aluminum m,-;ff1t~j[;~,!pf%Al
adsorption isotherm ~imi~~f.t~
amalgam 7k-El-~; 7k*
agent
!1l1d)-!j1iJ; (iJl:)J'ilj
ammonia
~;~~;~~
alcohol
aldehyde
~
ammonia liquor ~*
ammonification 5tmnt4~fjEJll
M~
alicyclic hydrocarbons
DllPl':1:2
ammonium t/(m; t/(;\'l;:
aliphatic hydrocarbons
HllJIli:1:2
amperometry
alkalescence [email protected]:'1!E
alkali
amphiprotic
~
alkali metal
amphoteric
~~Jll\
amphoterism
-
44-
It lili:5ttlf~
jIJj fti¥!
jIJj fti¥!
jIJj ftJJil~
analysis jHfi'
aromatic
analyst :5l-tJf~
arsenic
:5l-tJf;J("I'
analytical balance
analytical chemistry
analytical reagent
1i$, -:fPft~~, 1Il'% As
:5l-tJfft!J1:
1f1i$Ji'tl; 1f1i$fm
arsenical
:5l-tJf ffli>tifiJ
arsenide 1i$ft~
artifical radioactivity
:iii
assistant
angstrom ~(;l'GlJtlJt*zijtilL)
anhydrous
=:¥1: ft=1i$
arsenic trioxide
anhydride ~lIf
angle
%''i1fiffiifm
4ilIllbJi'IJ
Mi1r
association
76*fm
AI:lilI:!lWt
atmosphere j(~;>f~
anion
~Jl~*
atom
anode
1lEtll.,£¥1:ftfFfflfmE\!.tll.
atomic absorption spectrometry
)Jl\*
*
mJrulIJ
antacid
antienzyme
antichlor
)Jl\ i¥k Jjj(:l'Gtlll<
mllfi:
atomic bond
)Jl\*!J!
1l*j1Ji'IJ
atomic mass
m:-=f:fi
antifebrin i13~~J ZM*Jlt(i¥.Jit1~~
antifoarning agent
atomic mass unit
ml*Ji'IJ
atomic number
)Jl\*tijtilL
)Jl\*Jf(!&)
antifreeze 1l!i~Ji'IJ
atomic pile )Jl\*lii:~Jt; )Jl\*:!P
antimony ~,-:fPft!J1::ii;~ ,1Il'%Sb
atomic radius
)Jl\*,¥-;f2
atomic weight
)Jl\*t
antioxidant
1l!i!lllJi'tl
antiseptic
aqua
attraction
*; *11'fj!{
aqua regia
aqueous
argon
m¥1:Ji'tl
i¥k ijl
Avogadro's number 1JilJ1!Il:bojf,~1it!&
:£*
6.022 X 10"
7j(fm
azeotropic
~,-:fPft!J1::ii;~, 1Il'%Ar
-
45 -
;!tlJIHW
B
baking powder :!ttl!; ftftl!
benzoic acid ;Ijl;( 113 ) ~
baking soda IJ\j)j;fJ; lW!~~Hjll
benzyl alcohol
balance -'I"-:fjif,7':-'I"-
berkelium
fIf, -#1t"¥=5G~,qf%Bk
beryllium
fIl1, -#1t,,¥=5G~ ,qf% Be
beta particle ~ ~.::r
lW!~i:Y!
barium carbonate
'It'lll; ;Ijl; 113 III
barium chloride l1.1ti:Y!
binary compound =.5G1til-'Ii7J
barium nitrate
"",,,,,,,m
.......w,
binder :¥1iil-l'iIJ
barium sulfate
Wr!.~i:Y!
binding energy iiliil-lltl
biochemical !£'li7J1t"¥=l¥.J
base
lil!t
bismuth iil', -#1t,,¥=5G~, qf% Bi
basic anhydride
battery
lil!tllf
l1!.¥Ill
blowing agent :!tli!!l'itl
bauxite 1!l±1it
boiler scale
beaker :J:Ill;jq;
boiling lJ/l JJIf; lJ/l JJIf I¥.J
beneficiation'll.; :illl1it
boiling point lJ/l,\\i:
benzaldehyde ;Ijl;( 113 HI~
boiling point elevation
benzene ring ;Ijl;j;f
bond
benzene series ;Ijl;]j'!;
bond angle iIl!Jri
benzenesulfonic acid
benzenoid
;Ijl;~JiI:~
fIil:!fo
ill!
bond energy iIl!lltl
;Ijl;~1til-'Ii7J
bonding
!lItill!
borax (n.) lV!IIlil'
benzidine lI*;Ijl;Jl'!(
-
46-
l:IIl,\\i:3HIi
boric acid
lVlIl~
bromine
bronze 1f~
borofluoride iiltlVlllO
boron
lIi!, -i'I'1t~7G'#, 1f%Br
buffer i;l'1lil'~; i;l'1lil'lll'll1i
lVlIl, -i'I'1t~7G'#, 1f% B
boron carbide ~{tlVlll
Bunsen burner
boron hydride !(1tlVlll lVlIl1Jt
burette
ji\i;{tlVlll
boron nitride
burni ng
!;It''1.:J:J; *!t:J:J
liliiiE'i!i'
it"':!;\!; Jii\:!;\!il9
borosilicate lVlIlli£O( llIilll!)
butane T1Jt
bottle lfli-T
butanediol T =lW
Boyle's Law
1it):(l}iE1$
brake fluid
if.tJ$ll1i; ilJiJiiIlll1i
branch - chain
butanol TlW
butene (butylene)
xii!'
butyl Tilli
brass flt~
brazing
T~
butyl alcohol TlW
~i;\l
butyl rubber JFT(~):M'lJll'i:; TiIli:M'lJll'i:
breeder reactor (W--T)itt!t!i1:J;tz~
butyric acid
brine 1ik7j(
-
47 -
T~
c
cadmium
m,-fjt1t~7G~,*l'%Cd
carbohydrate lilI!7j({!:;-fr¥!i; II\!
calcination :II!I::!;Ie
calcite
lilI!l>l'~
carbocyclic
1JlffEi
carbolic acid 1ilill!~;
*llif
calcium it'S, -fjt1t~7G~, *l'%Ca
carbon lilI!, -fjt{!:;~7G~, 1'T%C
calcium carbide lilI!1tit'S
carbon black
calcium carbonate
lilI!~it'S
~~
carbon cycle lilI!:fJiijl>l'
calcium chloride lt1tit'S
carbon dioxide ::::!Ii!.1tlill!
calcium hydroxide i(!Ii!.1tit'S
carbon disulfide :::m{!:;lilI!
calcium hypochlorite
~lt~it'S
carbon monoxide -¥l.1tlill!
carbon tetrachloride gglt1tlill!
calcium oxide !li!.1tit'S
calcium phosphate
calcium sulfate
~~it'S
m~it'S
calorie
lilI!~
carbonic acid
californium fl)ij, -fjt1t~7G~, *l'%Cf
calomel
lilI!~
carbonate
carbonide lilI!1t¥!i
itJR
carboxyl
-i<llIr llH i\!l~ ijl.1fl)
~£
carboxylic acid
~~
~lilI!( fF Jfl)
calorimeter i\!l:l:it
carburetion
calorimetry :l:i\!li'R
carcinogen ?iillliil¥!i
camphor
~Jlili
carrier
[email protected]?:I:
carbene
~j;$:
catalyst 111Htl'iIl
lilI!~
catenate
carbide lilI!1t¥!i
cathode
-
48-
iii~
~)j:f!1 .:lll1S}](fFJfl ~ E!!:f!1
chlorine dioxide =$t1tia
1lB~'f
cation
cell
chlorine ia, -#it,¥:j(;~, :IIr%CI
~JlW.MliJ<
cathode ray
chlorite jJJ'.ia~
El!.li!J; ~Jlf!l; Wt=fL
chloroform iaiti
it\, f,(tzlltl4!i,
celtium
chlorohydrin ia~
-#it'¥:j(;~,:IIr% Hf
chromatography
celsius scale l!IKl!l.;j>j<
centimeter
m*
centrifuge
~
chrome green iilfl!ij!:
~,c,':5T~
centrifugation
~il(~)
iiIf~
chromic acid
,c,,;{j1.
iiIf,-#it~j(;~,:IIr%Cr
chromium
cerium
~, ~#it,¥:j(;~, :IIr%Ce
chromium sulfate ~~iiIf
cesium
it\, -#it,¥:j(;~, :IIr%Cs
circuit El!.JlJl:
chain
citric acid tl'~~
ill'; :i\t!\lf; ~~tt~1i9
chain reaction
~ilJ!1iiJj)z
clamp ilt::jI;:'f
change
:1eit;:1e;~:1e
classical mechanics i!1A;iJ'¥:; !!£A;iJ~
chelate
~it!\iIJ
clay li'/i±
~, -#1t~j(;~, :IIr%Co
chemical bond it'¥:tt
cobalt
chemical change it'¥::1e1t
coefficients
chemical equation it'¥::n1§!53:
colligative properties *~ti
chemical equilibrium it'¥:'f1Bii
collision
chemical property it'¥:U
colloid chemistry
chemical reaction 1t'¥:liJSli:
colorant ;'j;I'~iftl; ~~
chemisorption 1t'¥:I!&f!ft
colorimetry
chemistry it'¥:
columbium
chlorate
ia~
lim!
combination
chloride iait!\iIJ
combustion
-
49-
~~
~{#it'¥:
l:t~~
j(;~416
~it
iI'I.\:!It
Nb
1i91134!i, :IIr%Cb
complex
iit1rVo, iit1rA9
iitlifl'T
complex ion
~:5h
component
contaminant fjj;{J;¥))
jjJi;ffi-
continuous spectrum J!~J'tlfl'
:!l1r;j;f;jSj.
composite
~jjJi;,
composition
coordinate covalent bond
jjJi;)t
copper foj,-#{.J:i¥:~l:,1't%Cu
Biml'1:.1*
compressed gas
concentrated solution
cork ~,~~
tf<m~
tf<!t
concentration
conceptual definition
1!!i:.t:a:5E5<.
corrosion
~t!I!
covalence
;J:liiir
covalent bond
ml1r( fFffl), It~
condensation
ml~Vo
cover 'li'T
condensation reaction
ml1r lii.1iii.
cracking
f!f!iJ'., fiJS, !iJ'.Ei!.,!iJ'.~
conductor
cresol
~~, ii;)'1l!i
Congo Red
IIiiiJ'i-Bii.J
critical temperature 11iiiJ'i-1!l.!t
;fi;)~
crucible
I'N*~
conjugate pair
fill$}
critical pressure
configurational formula ;fi;)'1l!i:a:
conformation
~M
critical point 11iiiJ'i!.,1':(
!iJ'.1*
configuration
;J:liiirtil1)t'T
critical mass 11iiiJ'i!..!9i::I:
f!f!iJ'.'j1:, !iJ'.Ei!.'j1:, !iJ'.~*
conductivity
;J:liiirtil1
covalent molecule
condensation polymer
conduction
i\!GUi:;J:liiirtil1
copolymer ;J:li~Vo
ft1rVo,1rjjJi;A9
compound
~n
container
J:ltJiil
crystal !;!if,,, !;!i1a1*
;J:litgBJ(&
crystallization !;!i1ai1'\i,1JI!Z!;!i1a
1L1fJ1Vi~
conservation 'i'ff[
cubic centimeter
constant 1lt~
curium f1i,-#{t"J!:~l:,1't%Cm
constant composition law 5E~jjJi;5E1$
current
constituent
jjJi;)t
curve
-
50-
Ei!.lifi:
£lll!il1;
cyanogen ~;
z:.=!lI!
cycloalkene
l'F~
cyclic compound l'Fl{kft1l-'ii!J
cyclohexane l'Fi3:t,;i;
cycloalkane l'F:t,;i;
cyclotron
-
51-
Iill~JJull!1!lI
D
data
!j&~;J**4
decay
dialysis
'ff5e, :liJ(M't!:;t*~
diamond Sti'ltl1i, 1fIi1i
decomposition :5tflll.
definition
diborane
JE5(
Z.liIlII~
dicarboxylic acid
dehydrating agent Jljil,kl'iIJ
dehydrogenation
=~J!&
=z.mt
diethylamine
\it:Jl!i;, J!lI.7lc
dehydration
~Jlj;:T''''(.f*
diatomic gas
iit:li11'JfJ
decrepitation
~tIT, ~tIT
diffusion Jtm
J!lI.it( 11'JfJ)
dihydroxy alcohol
=~~z.M
deionized water 1;WT'7j(
diluent ijj*l'l'i1j
deliquescence jfJlflll.( '11)
dilute solution
delivery tube #t-l'f.'if
dimethylketone p;jllfoJ
denatured alcohol
density
5e't!:ii!iitl!
ijjm~
=lijlj~;ljE
dinitrobenzene
1'If1l
diolefin
=~Jlli
depression
-ri!ll'
dioxide =¥l. ft4WJ
derivative
iff!t4WJ
dipole {/lliJ}.T'
destructive distillation :5tflll.~1IIl, \it1lll
direct combination
detergent fifli!fl'iIJ, tsI;~l'itl, tsI;~i¥J, fifli!fi¥J
direct current
deuterium
m,:!tit
displacement
1I:¥i1i:1'\l.
iI:'W<
deuteron m~,:!tit~
displacement series
developing agent 1IU!~l'itl, ~ ~l'ilj
disproportionation
dextrorotatory
1l~i¥J
dissociation
-
52-
1I:~1t-fr
iI:'W<JFjlj
J1t1t
WfIlI.( 11'JfJ) dtflll.
distillate liIl:!l4PJdllil:!llll, JIff$dlli7t
distillation l!(\liI
dolomite
double - pan balance
double replacement 1!~Hif.lii.SZ
s~E
donor i€t'ff*
dope
U"'R"I'-
ductility
il~liJrr, Jlt[iii'~,
~Jij!tt;
dysprosium
"*~l*ttJlill.'F~I!<~1!lt
-
53-
'liJJtt
Tiii, -#ft,*,7t;~,:M'% Dy
E
effective collision
electronegativity ffi.ll:!.~, Imll:!.~
1f~liJ!:~
electroplating Itfllt
effervescence :f;I:rfi1.
einsteinium
electropositive :iEll:!. ~tl9
~7k~{t,PQ{t
efflorescence
~, -ftP{t,*,:Jl;~ ,1it% Es
electrostatic force
electric current ll:!.lift:
electrical conductivity
electrovalence ll:!.vr
.!il'll:!.~
eletrochemical cell
element
:Jl;~
elevation tl!i\iIi
ll:!.{tll:!.~t!;
electrochemistry It it'*'
electrode
Itvriill!
electrovalent bonding
ll:!.1t'*'tl9
electrochemical
\\'rtll:!.}J
empirical formula
~~l't
emulsion !JlL)j;Itim
1t1J,t
electrodeposition lt1J,tllEtq, ll:!.fllt
endothermic reaction I!!tit!\BtJ2l
electrolysis Itfii'l.
endpoint
electrolyte Itfii'l.!lli:, Itfii'l.im
energy
electrolytic conduction ll:!.fIi1Flt.!il'
energy level
electrolyze ll:!.fii'I.
enthalpy
electromagnetic spectrum ll:!.lil!(J'til
entropy
electromotive force
~f{,
Im~
(it!\}J'*')it!\ii1§
Jiilj(it!\}J,*,ii1§~)
epoxy resin
JF~il!tn~
equation :1f>!!i1l't
ll:!.'T
electron configuration ll:!. 'T~?t;
electronegative
1m
enzyme M~;/i
ll:!.;IJ~
electromotive series 1t;IJ( ~ )ljzff*
electron
~Ji;l.
equilibrium 'fl'jt
ffi.1t~tl9, ~}jIt~tl9
equilibrium constant
-
54-
'fl'jt1jt~
equipment
(S(~
equivalent ~:!il:;~:!il:
equivalent masses
ethylbenzene
~:!il:
ester
ethanal
ethane
ethene
=:i!JJ;'tl!!i
ethylene glycol
nlHtfj;Jfl
eutectic
Z,M
=tMtZ,:tIi)
z,=JIl<
fIi, -:-:f'f{t<J€:Jl;~, '1lf%Eu
europium
ii£;jl;;I$il9; itdl.il9
evaporation *,:ti:
excited state l»l::ti:J/i(~, ::f*~J/i(~
z,~
ethanolamine
mtl::z,:tIi)
ethylene dichloride
nlr
esterification
z,*
ethylene bromide
erbium . , -:f'ftl::<J€:Jl;~, '1lf%Er
Erlenmeyer flask
z,Jlii
ethylamine
z,JIl<Jlii
exothermic reaction
z,:tIi)
$:~1iEll
experiment 'li;iID:
ether
z,~
explosive
ethyl
z,£
expression
:kPPi
iJl,PJl, AT
jl-lfIIrtl.)IIf
ethyl acetate
1i1l1l£Z,~~
external circuit
ethyl alcohol
Z,JIl<;i!!!ii/i1i
extinguishing agent !R;kifIJ
ethyl ether
z,~
extraction
-
55-
j;Uil, >;<lI\t
F
~JllC~1tllU
factice
flame
:kiil
~it&4Io
family filii.
flammable material
fat BliJl;?
florence flask 1lilIJfl;J1t!flt
BliJl;?~
fatty acid
fatty alcohol Bir(Jl;?)filii.lif:
W-*4( 1'illlt&fftJl:frJiltIlIk)
feedstock
liti:;mOO
flowdiagram
fluoride
~(1t4lo
fluorine
1iil:,-f'lt{t~:7t~,1Il'.li!J-F
fermentation .i\tllJ':
fluorocarbon
fermentation tube .i\tllJ':'lJ
fluorspar 1i1'i; 1iil:1'i
fI, -f'lt1t~:7t~, ~-% Fm
fermium
ferric ~i¥J;
ferroalloy
~1iil:{t-fr4lo
fl ux IlIJ~JliJ
.=.-liH'J<.:iH'ki¥J
force jJ ; 5!i!:rr
~-fr'lll:
forceps ilf'f
ferrous JUi:~Jl<J; =-ffr~
forensic chemistry
ferrous sulfate ~~JUi:~
formaldehyde
fiber
~H1li
Ij3 M
~Jilt;
formation
%Jilt
file 1'&71 ; 1'&'f
formic acid Ij3 ~
filler ~JE4Io; ~*4
formula
filtrate
u!J!i;; !J!i;u4lo; lP~
fission
fixed
1t~it:l:
fossil {t1'i
fractional distillation H
(W-'f~)7t~
fission reactor
1t~t;!i¥Jit
formula mass
filtration UlP
ri;;~{t~
W-'f~7t~ff
francium
1iID~i¥J; ;:f~~.i\tJl<J
tIi, -f'lt{t~:7t~,~.li!J- Fr
free energy
-
56-
~
IE 1m
free radical
freezing
J1l m£, WfJal£
fundamental particle
lIitlill, ItlIit
funnel
!!!il\-
freezing point lIitlill.1'a
fuse !<lit, i\llJ;lrt~
freezing point depression lIitlill.liiTII.'¥
fused sal t
frequency
fuel
!!iii!\'!
!<l~
fusible alloy
iIrMI;j., :lJrlltii*4
fusion
£*lIlL'f
~!<l1rSl:
!<l~,(~)~1e
fusion reactor ~~1eliU~Jli!
functional group '6'flIlBl
-
57-
G
gadolinium .fL, -#1t~5G~, 'iIl'%Gd
glycerol tt1ll!
~,-#1t~5G~, 'iIl'%Ga
gallium
gallium arsenide
glycol
liIfl1t~
glycols =5G~~
t/H$
gal vanizing
gamma rays
z:.=~
goggles iP 1'l1i%
'I Mi1ll
gold ~,-#1t~5G~,'iIl'%Au
garnet 1itl1i1i
graduated beaker Jt~tlllli9~;j:F
gas "'(.1*
graduated cylinder Jt~tlllli9:!1jllj
gasification "'(.1t
graduated pipette
gasoline f-t1ll!
graphite 1iil, lili1
gel
0, ~~!I:Ia
geochemistry
Jt~tlllli9'ft~'ill'
gram :i'i
Jll!~1t~
gram atomic mass :i'iJiJ'('f:!l
:i'i~:!I
geometric isomer JLM :l'Ftl;J1*
gram equivalent mass
germanium iif, -#1t~5G~, 'iIl'%Ge
gram molecular mass :i'i:7t'f:!l
glass li/tJli\l
gram molecular volume :i'i:7t'f1*lR
glass electrode
glassvvare
glucose
li/tJli\l~~
gravimetric analysis :!Il::!I:7tt'i'
li/tJli\l~~
gravity :!Il::iJ, Jll!:rJ<I\lt:iJ
il/jtliJ!11i
grease 1fiJ11!J'B1'l
glue JJX
glyceride
glycerin
group
tt1JlHI~
Mi, i1l!;fjj, ~
guncotton ;k.lijl
tt1ll!,pj~~
gypsum 1i1f
-
58-
H
hafnium
Tfr, -f'I1ft!1Jfr7C~. 'IV% Hf
heavy hydrogen
half -life $Jrtli7C~z ~'ffJill
half - reaction
halogens
heavy water
!oc1[;jK~~
!OClk
helium ~,-f'I1ft!1Jfr7C~,:M'%He
~JJt~
J8i1i*
heterocyclic ;;ft'lfJl9
hardness li.9!lJ!'
heterogeneous mixture $*1ll1l\il'!jjJJ
hard water li.9!lk
heterogeneous reaction
heat i\!\; ( fj!) Jlti\!\
hertz I!!tt( litJi9!tJi$1)ij}[)
heat exchange i\!\3C~
high polymer i'iHlt!jjJJ
heat of combustion Jt&Jilei\!\
holmium
heat of condensation
It~i\!\
$*~JJt~
tk,-f'I1ft!1Jfr7C~,:M'-~Ho
fiil~'lfil9
homocyclic
heat of crystallization t;!;.r.i\!\
homogeneous mixture J!i]*1ll1l\il'!I'J.]
heat of dilution flllff.i\!\
homogeneous reaction J!i]*6JJt~
heat of formation
~~i\!\
homogenization J!i]ftftiffl
heat of fusion !Zffi'l-i\!\
homologous series
heat of hydration llll'flkil'i\!\; ftil'!jjJJ7l<il'i\!\
homopolymer J!i]!lt!jjJJ
heat of reaction
hot- melt 1?\!Ztt
JJt~i\!\
llllhFJlflJ
heat of sublimation ;ft$i\!\
humectant
heat of solution l'iIffi'l-i!.\
hybridization
heat of transition
1ITJ~!fm
;;ftftf1'ffl; ;;ft3Cftiffl; lltil'I1'ffl
hydrate 7l<il'!I'J.]
~~ftit.\
heat of vaporization ~1It1?\; !'tfti\!\
hydration lkil'fP)jj
heat transfer i\!\flilil'i.
hydride 1[ft!l'J.]
-
59-
hydrocarbon
~;~~1t1t~
Xi~{t~
hydrogen peroxide
hydrochloric acid
JiJ;:M
hydrogen sulfide
hydrocyanic acid
~mM
hydrogenolysis ~f!lffF ffl ; ffl ~:BSJll(
hydrocolloid 7.k!llC1*
hydrogen
hydrolysis 7.kf!lf
~,-~1t~5t;1t,1Il'%H
hydrogenation
ljjjj,1t~
7.kf!lf1t1i&
hydrolysis constant
~1tfFffl
hydronium ion 7.k1t~~-=r
hydrogen bomb
~iJ4l
hydrophilic *7.k1llJ
hydrogen bond
~t!
hydrophobic
~fjj(lllJ;
i1¥17.k1llJ
1££
hydrogen chloride
l!.1t~
hydroxyl group
hydrogen cyanide
m1t~
hygroscopic 1lltl.ir:1llJ
hydrogen fluoride
jjit1t~
hypochlorous acid lkl!.M
hydrogen iodide
l!!II!1t~
hypothesis
-
60-
~i!l:; ~i5I.
I
inorganic JGtIl.li9
ideal gas mlit':''\;{;i(
identity period
1i1iEJ!ilJlil
inorganic chemistry JGtIl.ft<¥:
xl!l!ll1iffm
immiscible
impermeable
/F~,lHEfm
imlliYtJ\\l\
impingement black
impregnation }JI:l!ifffl
!~:!lt
increment
Indian Red
indium
~JlfJ-±#ll1i
i11JJttt
:tllif,1fIJ
I)]tfflitl'J~E
internal circuit
p-lllflIt!.li*
iodine
ilIl, -f1'ft<¥:5t~, i1t% I
ion-product
~-r3(:I*liU~
~-rtq
ttrr:l'til£<¥:
j1]J$m~
~1:&1fIJ
'1"I9J{;i(
ion - product constant of water
infrared spectroscopy
initiator
intermediate
ion - exchange reaction
inflammable liT it&fm
initiating explosive
~-rfi~J'llt~I;iJ
ion ~-r
iffii; 1JJlii
industrial diamonds
inhibitor
JJ9l1il,~
interstitial :\Il\l!lt1i9; 19J)jjtil9
/Fmttfm ;fffiitm
inertia
insulin
intermetallic compound itJ/l!B: ft!fi!!
industrial alcohol I)]tffl iI!i\'/i
inert
instrumental analysis {)($?tifr
interface 3'1-00
!1!l, -f1'ft<¥:5t~, i1t% In
indicator
if.;!Jl.1fIJ
insecticide
interionic attraction
impurity 5liJjlj;
Indanthrene Blue
inorganic analysis JGtIl.?tifr
ionic conduction
iElil!m
ionic bonding
ionization
-61-
E\!.~
~-rIt!.'\¥
~-rlll!
ionization energy
isomer fjiJ?t#~i*
~ ~1jt)j&
ionization constant
isomerization #~1t( -WYID
~~flIl
ionization potential
isopropyl alcohol #VJ/W
~~m
fjiJJft1L~( ~fjiJ1L~ ,~!\!f,)~1tiJi!J
ionogen
~TjjJ(; Pf~T1tl¥J£fill
isotactic
iridium
f&, -f'P1t"¢5[;~, 1<t%Ir
isotonic ~~I¥J
iron
~,-f'P1t"¢5[;~, 1<t% Fe
U
Iron Blue
isotropic
~«.1tiJi!J
iron oxide
irreversible
isolation
isotope
4!r!tJ fjiJftl¥J
IUPAC system
*
~ ~t<Ii 1t,,¢;fIi1'\ZJIl 1t"¢liX1t4<I¥Ji*
~Pf~1¥J
~tJf;
fjiJ1fl~
,Hill
ivory black
J
-
62-
~;f~
K
kelvin scale 3f~:t!!lt1'$
kinetic energy ;tJflIl
kerosene :li/;TI1l
kinetic theory
ketone
kinetics ;IJ;IJ~
~(~«)
kilogram
;IJ;IJ~JlI!if';
0}T, f:l'i
krypton
-
63-
1i:l. -~1t~jCJII:. *%Kr
L
laboratory burner
~~j[fflitliii:IJ
lactic acid )!1l_
lactone
lake
1iIX
lime
limestone 1i:1X1i
P3!ill< 'lK!)
~Blf
lipid
alJE
liquefaction
lanthanide series lIl!l*
liquid crystal
lanthanum lIl!l, -:f+it!\l!:Ji;~, 1(;f%La
liquor
latent heat
ta'.r.
<7l<)mta'
liter 7t
m~
litharge -$( itfa
latent solvent tlftl:m~J
lattice
ta'it
1.*, ~Il$
lithium
fII!, -:f+1t!\l!:Ji;~, 1(;f%Li
lawrencium W, -:f+1t!\l!:Ji;~, 1(;f%Lr
litmus paper 1i;.lfiJ\:tIl;
lead fa, -:f+it!\l!:Ji;~, 1(;f% Pb
lutetium
lead chromate -tIf_fa
lye
level
7J<-'¥-, 1»., ~1t;:!!iJ~;{9!7l<-'¥­
~,:Y(rr
lyophilic
light metal ~:lll:JiiI
-
64-
tit, -:f+it!\l!:Ji;~, 1(;f%Lu
*ta'as
M
jj!.iI!:?t:frr
macroanalysis
ij&.J~
matter
macromolecule iJ!Ii?tT,7c?tT
mechanics :JJ~; t/[J'j; in~~
magma ~!JJ1.
mechanism
magnalium ~i!13'f( irJil:)
medicine dropper lffii'i
magnesia ~'\it( Ii), '\it{ti1l1
melting J;t{t
magnesite ~~Ii
melting point J;tJii.
~,-#{t~jf;~,*l'<}Mg
magnesium
~,-#{t~jf;~,*l'<}Hg
mercury
Pllil'l
magnet li!t~
mesh
magnetite li!t~1i
metal Jil:JIll
magnetochemistry
meniscus
maltose
iIJ, -#{t~jf;~, *l'<} Md
mendelevium
lJt~l'id
magneson
!i5ttJ; inlll!, tl'lJIIl, 'ffilff.
li!tft~
metallic bond Jil:JIlli'$
l!§'W"OO
metallic conduction Jil:JIllf1iJi¥.
3<:!;f~
IfEJil:JIll, ¥-Ji¥.!*
metalloid
manganese tfi, -#{t~jf;~,*l'<}Mn
metall urgy
manganese dioxide ='\itfttfi
methanal
manganic oxide :=:'\it{t=tfi
methane
fjl:M!
1t~M
methanol
fjl M
mannitol
mass ~:l!l:
mass action
methyl
~:l!l:fF)fj
fjl M:
fjl~
methyl alcohol
mass conservation ~:l!l:'Tm
mass number
1ilJil:~
methylamine
~:l!l:~
fjlM
fjl}jj(
microanalysis 1ll!::l!l:?t:frr
-
65-
milliliter lili7t
mineral
lt4!8
mineral acid
molal solution :!li:::!It%jt'fll'fW:
molarity ~%jt'fl1<lt
7G;fJl~
mineral water It:iR7.K
mixture
%jtT~
molar volume
molecular jt'Fil9
tlUr4!8
molecular formula jt'F5'\
miscible OT(ll'f)t!\\il9
molecular mass jt'f::!lt
moderator ~llIDliJ; ~l!llli
molecular sieve jt'f9lli
Molal boiling point constant
Mole $!$; %jt'f
molecule
Molal freezing point constant
molybdenum
O'ijt'f)$!$lfltlil'l£\1lt~
i1I,-~{t~~,~~Mo
monomer iji.{;!;:
monomolecular iji.( ~ )jt'fil9
molality :!li:::!It%jt'fl1<lt
molar solution
*
~%jt'fll'fW:
-
66-
N
nitric oxide -$({t;1ilt
naphtha EJIljnll
'/l€:
naphthalene
nitride 1ilt{t;¥lJC~); ~Iilt
nitriding Iilt{t;, ~Iilt
natural gasoline 3<:1!/tl"tnll
neon
nitrile iji'f
i&,-;fHt!lj1:5G~,'i'il'%Nd
neodymium
nitrogen lilt, -~ {t;!lj1:5G~ ,'i'il'% N
%\,-~{t;!lj1:5G~,'i'il'%Ne
neptunium
4:t, -~1t!lj1:5G#, 'i'il'%Np
Nernst distribution law
nitroglycerin liI'l1t"ltnll
flilWi!lf?HI~i'EW
Nernst equation flilWi%':;Irillil;;t
neutral red
nobelium iiI!i.-~ft"J!:5G#,'i'il'%No
'Pi'til
neutral solution
neutralization
*Jl!?F,Jliij~1t!lj1:*
Nobel.Alfred B.
~E{j,ifL
net potential
llEliI'l~
nitrous acid
noble gas tifi't"tf;$:
'Pi'tlli'llli:
nomenclature frr4;Ci!<)
'PifI:!
nonelectrolyte
~F E{j,fIi¥~
~FsI1:JIlI
neutralization equivalent 'PifI:!!Li:lll:
nonmetal
neutron
nonpolar molecule ~Fj1ti't?1-T
niacin
'PT
:II!I~
normal salt
nickel ii!i!,-~1t!lj1:5G#,'i'il'%Ni
niobium
lE~
normal solution !Li:lll:Ili'llli:
W,-~ft!lj1:5G~,'i'il'%Nb
normality !Li:lll:It<!l!'
nitrate liI'lU
nuclear energy ;#<flil
nitration liI'lftREY:
nuclear fission W-T;#<?1-!M, ;#<!M5!:,
nitric acid
liI'l~
nitric anhydride
{~!lH,,*?1-!M
liI'l~1If
nuclear fuel
-
67-
"*#'&*4, ;#<;;/JjJ
nuclear fusion
:ft>:'fik-fr';!'Ji:*':lt
nuclear reaction
:ft>:lii.m:
nuclear reactor :ft>:lii.m:~, :ft>:lii.m::lf£
nucleus
:ft>:
number
~,~§
nylon JB:ft;
nucleon :ft>:7t'fz,~~,:ft>:'f
-
68-
o
octet A~lIl\; AIIfJ!
organic chemistry 1itIL1t,*,
oil iIll
organic compound 1itILftirqja
olefine
organometallic 1itIL1il;JilIt'8
~(JilI)~
one - hole stopper J\l.mJ~T
osmium ~, -1"i'1t,*,5G~, *1'%Os
open - chain 1i:4l
osmosis
operational definition :'jIU!i'.:iEJ(; 1i:mJt:iEJ(
oxalic acid
optical :J'G'*'t'8 d!i'.:Jitt'8
oxidation
optical rotation :/jfj!:J'Gii
oxidation number
orbit $'l.lll:; tI/:$'l.lll:lliifr
oxidation potential
orbital $'l.lll:t'8
oxidation state
orbital pair $'l.lll:II! TXt
oxide
order
~, 1i!'¥
order of reaction
ore
~~( fl'ffl)
1Ii~
~ ftfl'ffl
oxygen
It
ozone *~
-
69-
~ft~
~ {l:;JlIJ
~, -1"i'1t,*,5G~, *1'%0
oxygen acid
organic 1itILt'8
~ ftIl! 1.iL
~ 1tqja
oxidizing agent
!5i.fiIZ~
~ 1t~
1t~~
p
packing ~,*~*4
periodic table f.!UWloN
palladium it'l, -:f+1t~5G~,:JIf% Pd
peroxide ~~1t~
pair
petridish *~1ll1
-~<t
paraffin series ~'*~
petroleum. EiIIl
particle Ji![JI!iJ(, Ji!['f
phase
particle accelerator
phase equilibrium ;ftPlz1lQi
Ji!['f:bnJ!~
partition coefficient 7l-1fI:*'i&
parts per million
pH meter pHit, Mll!I;:!Ilttt
an7l-lt$
phenol (;1jt:)l!ilt
Pascal ~il:wr-F' EE:h.!jilli.
passivity
phenolic (;1jt:) l!ilti¥.J
m'I1:, «1'11:
:rL~Jl[
peacock blue
#I, ~~;llil"l3t
phenolphthalein
l!ilt~
phenolphthalide
l!ilt~1t~
pentane Llt,*
phenyl
peptization .IllCJ1')« fFffl)
phosphorus
percentage by mass
I!lt:l:a 7l-'i&
percentage composition
perchlorate
i'f, -:f+1t~5l;~,:JIf% P
photochemical oxidant ft1t~~ 1t1iIJ
~!i1ta7l-lt
photochemistry
ft1t~
photoelectric colorimeter ftl!! ltf!1l'!
~~~
photon ft'f
perfect llll;I!!i¥.J, %iiti¥.J, %'Mi¥.J
perfume
;1jt:~
w*4, wi%'
physical change
~JlI!':le1t
period f.!UWl
physical equilibrium
periodic f.!UWli¥.J, ~li!IIli¥.J
physical property
periodic law f.!UWl$
physical chemistry
-
70-
~llI!'f1lQi
~JlI!M
'i1l1Jl1!1t~
lfiiJlll!~ffl/t;;
physiosorption
pile
~,~,~~
pipe
'm', 'm'>!!tlfiiJ
polycondensation i!I!lift( {ti)'ll)
polycyclic
pipe still
'm';;J:li\t\'j~
pipet( te)
~::II'm',
plastic
polychloroprene ift~T:Jj\" ~T~JllC
Wl*4, fS:#
pigment
ftllli'm'
iftfl-EIl.MJ.llj:, ifli?J-'fEll.MJ.llj:
ift~~
polyester
polyethylene ift z:.iIli
ill!1tifIJ, ~iII!iftl
polyethylene glycols *z:.=lIl!:!J;!:
J:!\'~lll!ii;
plate theory
$l'Fi'm
polyelectrolyte
iII!*4i'm; lljli'ti'm
plasticizer
iftli1J1~1lll
polycarbonate
polyglycol
ift z:.=lIl!
platinum 'la, -1'jlft,*,7f;:#, *1'%Pt
polyhydric alcohol $7f;lIl!, $~lIl!
plutonium %, -1'jlft,*,7f;:#, *1'% Pu
polyisoprene ift*Dt=iIli
point ,<Ii,
polymer iftfl-lfiiJ
pOR
pORmC~!iIZ::IIjJ!')
polymerization *fl-{tiffl
poison _lfiiJ
polar bond
polypropylene
tlii't1!l!
polar molecule
polystyrene ift*z:.iIli
tlii't?J-'f
polarographic apparatus
polarographic wave
poly -
polyvinyl acetate
tliil£i'm
polarographic analysis
polonium
polytetrafluoro ethylene iftll!lj\z:.iIli
tliftEll.Ui:
polarization potential
polarographic
ift!ill~z:.iIli;
ift z:.iIli z:. ~il~
tliil£?J-;ffi
polyvinyl alcohol *z:.iIlilll!
tliil£J)(
polyvinyl chloride
tliitll!<
*~z:.iIli
polyvinyl ether *z:.iIlilllt
$~, -1'jlft,*,7f;:#, *1'% Po
porcelain
ift; $ [ii'l:lk:]
polybasic acid
ift~iIli
lJ1i:*4
poromeric $'fLiftfl-lfiiJi'm,
$7f;~
$'fL*fl-lfiiJ, $:rLJJi!t:ljl:
polyblend ;il:fl-ifliiftlfiiJ, ifliiftlfiiJ~I!f.1*
positron
-
71 -
IEEIl.'f
potash
~~;~~
promethium
potassium ~,-f<Pit!ljl:5G~,:\It%K
potassium permanganate il1litl~~
potential energy
:!;!}WdtLW
potentiometric titration
lt1JLm~tt:
powder metallurgy ~*I&~
praseodymium
1Ji!i!H'lIJ; !l!J)lI;{tilIJ
promoter
proof 1iEajJ; ;fJj;11t;m~ lJ[
lil1J~~
patassium nitrate
fI!i, -f<P{t!ljl:5G~,:\It% Pm
if, -f<Pit!ljl:5G~,:\It% Pr
M
property
W~
propionic acid
propyl
Wilili
propylene
W:Mr
protactinium
m, -f<P{t!ljl:5G~,:\It% Pa
precipitant
mlJE1'itl
protolysis reaction !llFf:lHtN.Jj\z
precipitate
mlJE
proton acceptor lllt'f~!&1*
precipitation
mlJEfFJIl
precipitation titration mlJEm~
prepolymer
preserva ti ve
prill
llJ!~1i1o
WiJlifJliJ; {Jj!;1'fJliJ
~)f;ZJtIt
proton donor
lllt'fffr'f1*
Prussian Blue
iH-fIl-±:illi:
purity t<IllJ[
pyrites :'til:1!!ilt
pyrolysis
~~(fFJIl)
pltlllr
primary alcohol fa~
pyrrole
producer gas 2!:~:tP;I;ii!-'1:.
pyruvic acid
product f=.IIr; Jilt.llr
- 72-
Wll!il~
Q
qualitative analysis
quality control
quanta
Jai1jHR
quartz
*,1'.
quinine ~'T( ~JE:I9€~)
i"',l'I,1!lt:l!!:l£iIi'J
:l!!:'f
quantitative analysis
{:i:!tf,
quinone
Ja:l!!::$T;jfi
-
73-
;ljl:1lit, Ilit
R
radiation
mM
reactor Bt1!Y:$
radical illli, ,*, Ell
reclaiming
radioactive decay :fj!(MtE:ll!:5t
rectification ~tlIi
radioactivity :fj!(MtE
redox reaction
radiocarbon ntMtE~
reducing agent JJ5Jllt1ilj
radioisotope :fj!(MtEfi'iJitl~
reducing flame JJ5JlltMi
radium 4lIl,-:jift{t~5C~,*f%Ra
reduction JJ5Jllt
@lljj(
~ ttJJ5JlltBt1!Y:
radius
¥:f£
reduction potential
radon
~, -:jifttt~5C~, *f%Rn
refining ~~, ~~, ~lJjij
rare
>m;(fi¥.J, >m~i¥.J
JJ5Jlltl'\l. itl
reflux @lMi
rare earth >m±5C~
refrigerant ~~Jlijdiilat1itl
rare gas >m;(f"'l.Pf;:
regeneration
rare metal >m;(f ~JiIl
reinforcing agent tilIs!il1ilj
rate - determining step lBi:$/JeJEi1l1llm
repellent
W~,
!jg~1i9,
@lljj(
m:tE.1i1j,
;ffi ff i¥.J , m:tE. i¥.J
ray M!ilI;
reactant Bt1!Y:¥ti
replacement .lft:lff<, !tilit
reaction mechanism Bt1!Y:m:oo
replication ;5tlJjij
reaction rate Bt1!Y:~$
reversible reaction
reagent fliJll1itl, fliJll¥ti, iol:1itl
rhenium ~,-:jifttt~5C~,*f%Re
rearrangement
reaction
:!Ii:i'li'
rhodium
1iJ~Bt1!Y:
ft, -:jift1t~5C~, *f%Rh
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Bt1!Y:, fliJll
-
74-
:f!i:1f:f!i:~
ring l"F
rubidium
ring stand ~ i'l
ruby !rr"iHi
ring structure l"F%l:i'ifIiJ
rust i&<ii/§;!Eii/§
rod tiFRdJliJ;ff
ruthenium
rubber :!$tJllC
-
75 -
till, -#{t!ljfr5L~, 'I<f% Rb
fT, -#{t!ljfr5L~, 'I<f% Ru
s
saccharose
sedimentation potential mfRJtw:
~~
sal soda j)J;:j'J:IiI;:
secondary alcohol
salt :iii;:
seed crystal dl.#
salt bridge :IiI;:;fj'f
selenium
samarium
#, -#1t~5i;~, :M'%Sm
{<PM
m,-#tt:;~5i;~,:M'%Se
semiconductor
,¥~{lII::
saponification .!1!,1t
semi microanalysis '¥1ilt:llt?t1JT
sapphire ll1.:3Hi
semipermeable '¥< ~) ll'£'ItJi9
saturated compound tfilflHtft!J&J
semisynthetic '¥ft Jill;Ji9
saturated solution tfilfilmlll:
separation
saturation tfilfil
sequestering agent lilllJl:fH1fiJ
::fR:!fo, ;j;ij;ll, 7C'f, 'IiJ;
?t~
series
~U'U
scandium tn;, -#1t~5i;~, :M'%Sc
serum
~LJIIi:,
scavenger M<Wil'fIJ
sewage treatment ~7k*ll!l
scientific data 1'4~!I&l\ii
shell 1!f~, ~
scale
scientific law
1'4~JE1$
scientific method
scientific model
1fIlJlli:
silica gel litlllC
1'4~:n~
silicate litH
1'4~ml!!!
silicon
lit~li9, -;f!jl1t~5i;~, :M'%Si
scissors "f'J JJ
silicon carbide
sealant \'1\'3t1llC
silicone lit!!fol
sedimentation
tJL:m
sedimentation balance
~1tlit
silicone oil littll!
tJL:m'f{§lf
sil ver
-
76-
f1i, -;f!jl1t~5i;~,:M'% Ag
single replacement
1-;!jljJl!:~, Jji.-3C~
!tilTh
specific heat
!t:!li:
sinter 71<~1t'~~
specific gravity
sintered crucible :lIE~litJ;\!
spectral lines
slow oxidation ~1lHm~ 1tlitl.!l
spectrometer
7r~tt
~il!'~
?17't;ili'~
sl udge
~lilr
spectroscopy
slurry
9J<
spontaneous chemical change
smelt
~Jjj;
J1l ;itli9{t<lJ!:lJ!:{t
smog im#
spontaneous ignition
soda jJJ;jJ
stability 'l!i5Eii
soda ash jJJ;jJp<, ~~
stability constant
sodium f!ll,-1'i'1t<lJ!:5C~,*l'%Na
stabilization 'l!i5E:l:i1'll
sodium chloride
~ 1tf!ll
sodium hydroxide
J1l ;it,.f$.:k
'l!i5E1i!"~
stabilizer 'l!i5EJllj
il~ 1tf!ll
stable compound 'l!i5E{tfl-!JP.i
sol jlllllC, 1llC'ikm:ll9:
stain mJlljd"im, m~dM"i
solid solution 1iIIf4:m:ll9:
standard calomel electrode ¥i<llit*Jtl.:t1J.
1iII;f\l1lll~
solidus
soliquoid
~Il'ik~
standard condition
~i¥f4:
~1lJtl.:t1J.Jtl.ilJ:
standard electrode potential
~1l!EjjX;iITh
solubility m:fli¥f!!
standard heat of formation
solubility curve m:fli¥f!!IIll~
standard oxidation - reduction potential
solubility product constant
solubility product expression
solute
m:~
m:f!!~1jI,.~
m:f!!~*J2;""
~Il~{tiflil\Jtl.ilJ:
standard solution
~1lm:ll9:
starch ~:i!it
solution m:ll9:
state 'ik~, 'ttlJB, I*Jt
solvent m:Jllj
steam distillation *~"t~1l!i
sour @li9, @ii!JP.i~
stearic acid
-77-
lif'ij~1l&
steel f!iI
sucrose
stereochemistry fL,f;Mt<Ji:
sulfur ~,-#1t<Ji::7i';*, ~%S
stereoisomer fL¢:l'fflil¢
sulfuric acid
stoichiometry 1t<Ji:it:ll
supercooled ttlti'rti
stopper
STP
!IT
:f)j(I/EU5fllffijJ(gm~)
~~
tt~1t4m
superoxides
supersaturated solution tttf!l5fllltftll[
straight- chain compound 1l:l:1Htil-4m
strip
~,j)g
supersaturation
*15,:a!lJ(J'I;),~
surface
tttf!l5fll(~~)
~ilii
strong acid
si~
surface activity ~iliiffll1:
strong base
si~
surface - active agent
strong electrolyte siEll.m£
strontium
~iliilR
surface area
~,-#1t<Ji::7i';*,~%Sr
~iliiffli!E3ilj
surface chemistry ,w.iliift<Ji:
structural formula t;!1f1il;:t
surface concentration exess ~iliil1\[1l!'tt~J
subatomic particle MTl!lii!*ii:
surface orientation
sublevel ticmliJt
surface reaction
sublimate 7I-$,7I-$4m
surface tension
sublimation 71-$
suspension
sublime 71-$
symbol ~%
subscript Je:f)j(
synchrotron
subshell tic!i1t:lFt
syndet il-~tJI;*J'ilj
substance
~4m, 4m£
~iliiJEj1lJ
~iliiBZ:Jj\Z
~iliis~jJ
~i¥tIl[
JllJtI7:tmJi!~
synthesis il- ~(i'ti;)
il-~"l:.
substituent Jlj({-I:ilif
synthesis gas
substitution reaction Jlj({-I:BZ:Jj\Z
synthetic resin il- ~WBIr
-
78-
T
theory llllit
[email protected],-~{t<j!:5t;~,1<r%Ta
tantalum
ilMtli5l:
tar 1/a"lJll
thermal diffusion
tartaric acid Wi15M
thermal polymerization
~,-~{t<j!:5t;~, 1<r%Tc
technetium
tellurium
liil'i,-~{t<j!:5t;~,1<r%Te
temperature
terbium
thermite
[email protected]~i'ill
~-'I"1IiI
thermobalance
U
thermochemistry
~{t<j!:
thermocou pIe l!iI& EIl:flll, ~ Ell, {/l!
it,-~{t<j!:5t;~,1<r%Tb
terephthalic acid Xq'ijl:=< Ij3 HIli, X&lltM
thermoform
ternary =:5t;i¥J
thermonuclear device
ternary acid =:5t;M
thermonuclear reaction
=:i&!!¥"
tertiary alcohol
~~:lit;m, ~~, ~$;l!l!
Terylene :it:l'l::ft::< ilIi.ill:4'i) d&ffi
thiamine ~111i~
ilt'l1l'
thiol ~!!¥'
ilt'l1l'~
test tube holder
tetrachloride
~;jJ;;RJi\i:
~1ill1'ti¥J, ~1ill!E
thermosetting
test tube rack
~;jJ;;!!l1:\!1:
thermoplastic ~~1'ti¥J, ~~#
=:5t;!!¥'
ternary compound =:5t;{tir'li!!
test tu be
~!itir
thistle tube l!iUJBl\il4
ilt'l1l';w!
thorium tl, -~{t<j!:5t;~, 1<r%Th
1!!l~{t4i!J
thulium t!, -~{t<j!:5t;~, 1<r%Tm
tetrafluoroethylene
1!!ljj1;z.:lIW
tin
m, -~{t<j!:5t;~, 'iIJ'%Sn
tetramer I!!l!it'li!!
tincture flTi'itl, flT
thallium ft, -~{t<j!:5t;~, 1<r%Tl
titanium t!;, -~{t<j!:5t;~, 'iIJ'%Ti
theoretical plate llllitJ:ll'1i
titrant
-
79-
~!Ei'ill
titration
toluene
tricresyl phosphate [email protected]=: fjll!ii!il~
~JE(U;)
fjl;ljt:
tricyclic =::>F~
toner iJiIl-frl'fiJ, iJiIlfSl'fiJ; ~ijIm fS1'Jt
tongs
torr
±tt:!lilW
=: z:.MJfi(
triethylaluminum
tt, Eli.n ijii!l
trace element
tracer
triethanolamine
=:z:.ili'!l
triglyceride tt~=:@Ii~
1il!::!i!:5C~
trihydroxy alcohol
7R~5G~
trioxide
=:.1tt!8
transfer pipette fttl'!f
triple beam balance
transference number :ifft'i&
triple bond
=1Il!
Jilll'5G~
triple point
=:tt!.\\(
transition element
=:J£ilM
=:m( -\lI'):::R'¥-
transition series Jilll'*:9IJ
tritium 11K. i'(~il'\Ii!l~, 1t~:(;t%H'
transmutation !ijt':!l'
true solution Ji;l§tl
transuranic element
il!lflll5C~
tubing '!f%t!8
triad =:1fr5G~, =:5G!.ll
trichloroethylene
tungsten
=:ttz:.:.tIii
trichlorofluoromethane
~,-#1t~5G~,:(;t%W
tungsten carbide li!!!1t~
=:~mfjl m
two- hole stopper
-
80-
)llHL~T
u
ultimate analysis 5GJ!(jt;fJf
=*3-l-i1lI;lit!lt
ultraviolet radiation
uncertainty principle
uniform dispersion
unsaturated compound ~f:fil:fllftil4'JiJ
unsaturation
~f:fil:fll
unstable compound ~'t\!,JEftil4'JiJ
jjlJ~IlJ!Ull!
:f:\J~jtl!Ji:{4:
uranium
unit tj!.flL
-
81-
iI!l, -'f!l!ft"¥:5GJ!(, *1'%u
v
vacancy ~tL;~1t
vinegar ~
vacuum condensing point Jj;~ltlJlt~
vinyl
vacuum crystallization
Jj;~~dL
Z,iili;lj!;
vinyl chlorid
fli1t
vacuum crystallizer
Jj;~~dLfi\
viscosity
vacuum distillation
Jj;~?l€m
viscous liquid
flii1:tOCi*
vitreous '!lIOl~PtR:Jl9; Ji'i'1JIl Jl9
valance (1t-frHft;(Jll(.::f)fftvanadium
ltZ,iili
volatile W~i1:Jl9
m,-:j<jt1t*,7G~,qf~V
Van der Waals force flA1l-1L.n
volatility W~i1:; W~1t
Van't Hoff equation tii;Ji;;k:7J:f'!il:rl::
volatilize
Van't Hoff isochore rg:;ff;;k~!J!¥ill&
volt R4\\'( ~ffi!jitL)
Van't Hoff isotherm
vapor
tii;Ji;;k~lIfil.ill&
?l€~
voltage
~ffi
volume
!J!¥:!!!:
volume bottle {>fs:;fR~l'PJf!i
vapor pressure ?l€~ffi
vapor pressure depression
W~
?l€~ffir:1l$
volumetric analysis
!J!¥:!!!::frVf
vehicle ~i*
vol umetric flask
!J!¥:!!!:Jf!i
velocity of light J'/;J!
volumetric pipet
!J!¥:!!!:IJ&'l§'; T$tOC'l§'
vicinal
~tLJl9
vulcanization m1t
-
82-
w
water
7J(
wave velocity
litli
water gas 7l<:I;\l"'i;
weak acid
jj~n
water glass
weak base
llll~
7j(JJliJill
.!ill Itl.m!Jli:
water of crystallization ~rIThJj(
weak electrolyte
water of hydration 7j(ipj(
weighing bottle 'fl;)f/i
water softening 7j«(J9!f;tft
weight
water pollution
wave
7J<f5!'M!
wire gauze
lit;!); lit
wave length
1l!(:lit)
<l11ili'll
wood alcohol
litt(:
-
83-
~lll!; *lll!
x
xenon
X-ray
ilil., -#1t"f:5'GJIi:, 1It'% Xe
xylene
::.1fI;lj\:
X~1~
y
Ifll-llj:
yeast
ytterbium
tt<, -#1t"f:5'GJIi:, :111'% Yb
z
zeolite
11~1:1
zero group
zinc
zirconium
'If/i*
f'1f, -:ft'1t"f:5'GJIi:, :rt'%Zr
zone refining
t¥, -#1t"f:5'GJIi:, :r-r-%Zn
-
84-
lK~~:tJl\t<tl
Scarica