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Northcaroline family assessment scale

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NCFAS-R
North Carolina Family Assessment Scale
for Reunification
Scale & Definitions (v. r2.0)
National Family Preservation Network
Priscilla Martens, Executive Director
3971 North 1400 East
Buhl, ID 83316
(888) 498-9047
[email protected]
http://www.nfpn.org
The National Family Preservation Network (NFPN) is the sole distributor of the NCFAS-R training package. All inquiries should be
directed to NFPN.
NCFAS-R developed in cooperation with:
Raymond S. Kirk, Ph.D.
Director of Research and Program Evaluation
Independent Living Resources, Inc.
Durham, North Carolina
NCFAS-R Training Package © 2007–2009 National Family Preservation
Network. All rights reserved.
NCFAS-R Scale and Definitions © 2002–2009 Raymond S. Kirk and
National Family Preservation Network. All rights reserved.
A. Environment
Clear
Strength
Mild
Strength
Baseline/
Adequate
Mild
Problem
Moderate
Problem
Serious
Problem
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Overall Rating
1. Overall Environment
Sample Subscales (10 total)
2. Housing Stability
3. Safety in the Community
4. Habitability of Housing
Sample Definition of Subscale
3. Safety in the Community
+2 Clear Strength
0 Baseline/Adequate
-3 Serious Problem
Refers to a safe and secure neighborhood for the children. Parents can allow children to
play outside without fear. Neighbors look out for each other (i.e., neighborhood “watch”).
Refers to minor disturbances in the neighborhood, but disturbances do not prevent family
members and children from spending time outside in the community.
Refers to many disturbances such as fights and/or outbursts in the neighborhood. The
neighborhood is not safe for children to play outdoors or walk to the bus or to school. Evidence of violence, “boarded up” or barred windows, gun fire, the use of alcohol or drugs,
and/or drug “trafficking” in the neighborhood. Neighbors fearful of “getting involved.”
NCFAS-R: North Carolina Family Assessment Scale for Reunification (v. R2.0) 3
B. Parental Capabilities
Note: This section refers to biological parent(s), if present, or current caregiver(s).
Clear
Strength
Mild
Strength
Baseline/
Adequate
Mild
Problem
Moderate
Problem
Serious
Problem
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Overall Rating
1. Overall Parental Capabilities
Sample Subscales (7 total)
2. Supervision of Child(ren)
3. Disciplinary Practices
4. Provision of Developmental/
Enrichment Opportunities
Sample Definition of Subscale
2. Supervision of Child(ren)
+2 Clear Strength
0 Baseline/Adequate
-3 Serious Problem
4
Refers to caretaker’s provision of age appropriate supervision, such as setting limits for activities based on the child’s age. Caretaker is careful and attentive to child’s needs in selecting substitute caregivers (babysitter, neighbor). Makes sure children feel comfortable and
safe with substitute caregiver, Keeps track of children and knows children’s friends.
Refers to caretaker providing satisfactory supervision of children. Some limits are set on
activities based on the child’s age. Some consideration given to selecting substitute caregivers, and some concern with children’s comfort with the substitute caregiver. Has a
basic knowledge of location of children, and has a basic knowledge of children’s friends.
Refers to caretaker’s lack of age appropriate supervision, or any supervision. Limits on
activities of children are not set or set inconsistently. Little or no consideration is given
to selecting substitute caregivers (strangers, known abusers, persons under the influence of drugs/alcohol). No thought about children’s comfort and feeling of security
with substitute caregiver. Children’s friends are not known, and location of children is
not regularly known.
NCFAS-R: North Carolina Family Assessment Scale for Reunification (v. R2.0)
C. Family Interactions
Note: This section refers to family members living in the same or different households.
Clear
Strength
Mild
Strength
Baseline/
Adequate
Mild
Problem
Moderate
Problem
Serious
Problem
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Overall Rating
1. Overall Family Interactions
Sample Subscales (5 total)
2. Bonding with Child(ren)
3. Expectations of the Child(ren)
4. Mutual Support
Within the Family
Intake (I)
Closure (C)
Sample Definition of Subscale
4. Mutual Support Within the Family
+2 Clear Strength
0 Baseline/Adequate
-3 Serious Problem
Refers to excellent emotional and/or “physical” support within family. “Physical” support
is given when needed, such as providing daycare, transportation, or financial help. Family members appear to help each other willingly.
Refers to good support within the family. Some physical support is provided when requested by a family member. Most requests for help from family members are met by
other family members.
Refers to poor or lack of emotional support or “physical” support among family members. Family does not provide transportation, daycare, or financial assistance when needed. Undermining of each other in the family. Family members do not tolerate success by
other family members.
NCFAS-R: North Carolina Family Assessment Scale for Reunification (v. R2.0) 5
D. Family Safety
Note: This section refers to family members living in the same or different households
Clear
Strength
Mild
Strength
Baseline/
Adequate
Mild
Problem
Moderate
Problem
Serious
Problem
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Overall Rating
1. Overall Family Safety
Sample Subscales (6 total)
2. Absence/Presence of
Physical Abuse of Child(ren)*
Intake (I)
N/A
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
N/A
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
3. Absence/Presence of
Sexual Abuse of Child(ren)
4. Absence/Presence of
Emotional Abuse of Child(ren)
Sample Definition of Subscale
2. Absence/Presence of Physical Abuse of Child(ren)*
+2 Clear Strength
0 Baseline/Adequate
-3 Serious Problem
6
Refers to families in which incidents/complaints/substantiations of physical abuse by
caregivers have never occurred, or has occurred and family successfully been involved in
counseling. Caregivers do not condone violence.
Refers to families in which physical abuse has not occurred, or in which complaints/incidents/substantiations of abuse by caretakers has occurred, but satisfactory progress is
being made through counseling or the provision of other services.
Refers to incidents/complaints/substantiations of physical abuse by caregivers which
have not been acknowledged or addressed, or have been resolved unsatisfactorily. Caretakers may be actively denying substantiated abuse and/or neglect, or actively resisting
intervention.
NCFAS-R: North Carolina Family Assessment Scale for Reunification (v. R2.0)
E. Child Well-Being
Note: This section pertains to the imminent risk child(ren).
Clear
Strength
Mild
Strength
Baseline/
Adequate
Mild
Problem
Moderate
Problem
Serious
Problem
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Overall Rating
1. Overall Child Well-Being
Sample Subscales (8 total)
2. Child(ren)’s Mental Health
3. Child(ren)’s Behavior
4. School Performance
Sample Definition of Subscale
3. Child(ren)’s Behavior
+2 Clear Strength
0 Baseline/Adequate
-3 Serious Problem
Refers to child being well behaved, and there are no discipline problems. Child viewed as
cooperative, following rules, and doing chores.
Refers to some problems in managing child’s behavior, and some discipline problems.
Child is usually cooperative, has some difficulties in following rules or completing
chores, but problems do not merit intervention.
Refers to problems managing child’s behavior at home, and/or in school. Totally uncooperative. Refuses to follow rules, or do chores. Delinquent and/or highly oppositional
behaviors. Problems with courts and law enforcement.
NCFAS-R: North Carolina Family Assessment Scale for Reunification (v. R2.0) 7
F. Caregiver/Child Ambivalence
Note: Although “Intake” ratings are always important on this subscale, “Closure” ratings may not be appropriate in all cases,
depending largely on the reunification model employed and the timing of the assessment.
Clear
Strength
Mild
Strength
Baseline/
Adequate
Mild
Problem
Moderate
Problem
Serious
Problem
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Overall Rating
1. Overall Caregiver/Child
Ambivalence
Sample Subscales (6 total)
2. Parent/Caregiver Ambivalence
Toward Child
3. Child Ambivalence Towards
Parent/Caregiver
4. Ambivalence Provided By
Substitute Care Provider
Sample Definition of Subscale
2. Parent/Caregiver Ambivalence Toward Child
+2 Clear Strength
0 Baseline/Adequate
-3 Serious Problem
8
Caregiver responds appropriately to child, both verbally and non-verbally. Caregiver receptive and responsive to services designed to support reunification by bringing the caregiver
and child closer together; is willing to attend to child’s needs before their own. Caregiver
acknowledges and accepts responsibility for roll in family difficulties leading to removal.
Caregiver generally responds appropriately to child, but may harbor some resentment or
occasional feeling of intrusion or excessive demands by child. Caregiver accepts some
responsibility for family difficulties leading to removal and is making progress in this
area. Generally positive feelings towards child, but may need ongoing support or additional services after reunification.
Caregiver purposefully abused/neglected child in the past; expresses disaffection towards child; associates negative feelings towards child with negative feelings towards
child’s other caregiver; originally requested removal of child. Caregiver claims not to
understand child, fails to respond to child appropriately or responds very inappropriately;
expresses disillusionment with child, feels anger or a sense of violence towards child,
and/or resents child’s interference with caregiver’s own life. Caregiver blames child for
family difficulties leading up to removal; caregiver has refused to respond to services
intended to achieve reunification.
NCFAS-R: North Carolina Family Assessment Scale for Reunification (v. R2.0)
G. Readiness for Reunification
Clear
Strength
Mild
Strength
Baseline/
Adequate
Mild
Problem
Moderate
Problem
Serious
Problem
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Intake (I)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Closure (C)
+2
+1
0
-1
-2
-3
Overall Rating
1. Overall Readiness for
Reunification
Sample Subscales (6 total)
2. Resolution of Significant
CPS Risk Factors
3. Completion of Case Service Plans
4. Resolution of Legal Issues
Sample Definition of Subscale
2. Resolution of Significant CPS Risk Factors
+2 Clear Strength
0 Baseline/Adequate
-3 Serious Problem
Caregiver has addressed “pre-potent” needs of family (transportation, housing, employment, income, supervision, etc). If appropriate, perpetrator has been removed from family by remaining caregiver. Caregiver has reconstructed living environment to afford
protection and care of child.
Caregiver has made substantial progress towards resolution of risk factors that led to removal. Some issues remain unresolved, but improved, and progress continues to be made.
Caregiver acknowledges and accepts responsibility for continued work on those issues.
Caregiver has maintained destructive, abusive, or inappropriate relationships with other
adults (or perpetrator) or has established new such relationship(s) in child absence. Caregiver has failed to address pre-potent needs that place family under extreme stress or
threat of legal intervention such as continued use of drugs, alcohol, or engaging in prostitution, or criminal lifestyle, etc).
NCFAS-R: North Carolina Family Assessment Scale for Reunification (v. R2.0) 9
NCFAS-R Training Package Contains:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
License to Train Staff
Assessment Form
NCFAS-R Database (CD)
Training Video (DVD)
Instruction Manuals
Research Report
Case Study
FAQs
PowerPoint Presentation (CD)
Scarica
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