Page 1 Costruzione attiva Costruzione passiva The police officer

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Costruzione attiva
The police officer arrests the thief
Costruzione passiva
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The thief is arrested by the police officer
Il complemento oggetto della frase attiva (nell’esempio the thief) diventa il soggetto della frase passiva.
Utilizzando la costruzione passiva si fa risaltare l’oggetto dell’azione e non chi la compie.
La costruzione passiva può essere applicata solo in presenza di un verbo transitivo (cioè che regge
complemento oggetto).
Il complemento d’agente viene introdotto da by (da) o with (con) NB: se il complemento d’agente non è
rilevante può essere omesso.
Costruzione: verb TO BE + participio passato
Present simple
Active
Passive
The police officer arrests the thief
The thief is arrested by the police officer
Present continuous
Active
Passive
Active
Passive
Active
Passive
Active
Passive
Active
Passive
Active
Passive
Active
Passive
Active
Passive
They are washing the car
The car is being washed
My cat has eaten the cheese
The cheese has been eaten by my cat
The student read the book
The book was read by the student
They were painting the wall
The wall was being painted
They had paid the fine
The fine had been paid
She will sell the car
The car will be sold
I’m going to the cake
The cake is going to be eaten
They can organize the party
The party can be organized
Present perfect
Past simple
Past continuous
Past perfect
Future with will
To be going to
Modal verbs
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